By Abel K. Girma |
(Capital Ethiopia) — Ethiopia is expected to be the fifth largest contributor to the total world population growth in the period between 2015 and 2050, according to a report published by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA).
The 2015 Revision of World Population Prospects report released on July 29, 2015, projects that high-fertility countries in Africa will account for a significant amount of the population growth until 2050.
“During 2015 to 2050, half of the world’s population growth is expected to be concentrated in nine countries: India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America, Indonesia and Uganda, listed according to the size of their contribution to the total growth,” the report states.
Globally, UN DESA estimates that the current total population of 7.3 billion will rise to 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion by 2050 and a remarkable 11.2 billion by 2100. In Africa, 28 countries are expected to see their populations double by 2050.
“More than half of global population growth between now and 2050 is expected to occur in Africa,” the report notes.
Meanwhile, the population size in developed European nations is expected to shrink between 2015 and 2050.
Europe’s current population of 738 million is projected to drop to 734 million by 2030 and to 707 million by 2050. In contrast, Africa’s present population of around 1.2 billion is expected to grow by over two-fold by 2050, reaching approximately 2.5 billion.
Ethiopia’s population is currently reported to be 99.39 million by UN DESA, up from the 2014estimate of 97 million.
Booming international migration, the decline in global mortality and increasingly stable fertility rates worldwide were identified as the primary causes for the anticipated shifts in global demographics.
Wu Hongbo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, explained that understanding impending demographic trends “is key to the design and implementation of the new development agenda.”
In September 2015, the UN will convene in New York to adopt the post-2015 development agenda, which will include the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals.