The government of Ethiopia is spending billions of its own money to build the Grand Renaissance dam.

When it’s finished, it will be Africa’s largest hydroelectric power plant and will help solve a national energy crisis in Ethiopia.

But other countries in the region are concerned about the project. And how it will affect their water security.

The dam is being built on the Blue Nile, 40 kilometers from the Sudanese border. Ethiopia is the source of 85 percent of the river’s waters.

But Egypt has long-held the majority rights to the Nile. And relies almost entirely on the river for its water needs. Cairo is worried that the dam will affect the water supply downstream.

So, once the dam is built, who wins and who loses?

Presenter: Folly Bah Thibault


  • Bart Hilhorst, Water Resource specialist and former chief technical adviser for the FAO Nile Program.
  • Wondwosen Seide, water consultant and hydro-politics specialist.
  • Mohamed Khairat, Founder and Editor in Chief of Egyptian Streets.

Video can be found here:

Source: Al Jazeera
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2 Responses

  1. Beza SF

    When Donald Trump becomes President the issue can be channeled and decided by him since Israel is the number one military aid recipient from USA while Egypt is the third largest free aid of weapons recipient from USA that is why we Ethiopian-Americans need to start engaging in USA politics in numbers. Ethiopian-Americans need to be educated on how vital is their involvement in politics before it is too late.

    Egypt is also the 10th largest military weapon purchaser from USA.

    Historically, Egypt has been an important country for U.S. national security interests based on its
    geography, demography, and diplomatic posture. Egypt controls the Suez Canal, through which
    8% of all global maritime shipping passes annually. Moreover, Egypt expedites the passage of
    dozens of U.S. Naval vessels through the Canal, providing a strategic benefit to U.S. forces
    deploying to the Mediterranean Sea or Persian Gulf/Indian Ocean basin for time-sensitive
    Demographically, Egypt, with its population of 89.9 million, is by far the largest Arab country,
    and by 2050 its population may exceed 140 million.37 Although it may not play the same type of
    leading political or military role in the Arab world as it has in the past, Egypt still has significant
    “soft power.” The Arab League is based in Cairo, as is Al Azhar University, which claims to be
    the oldest university still functioning and has symbolic importance as a leading source of Islamic
    scholarship. Additionally, Egypt’s 1979 peace treaty with Israel remains one of the single most
    significant diplomatic achievements for the promotion of Arab-Israeli peace. While people-topeople
    relations remain cold overall, Israel and the military-backed Egyptian government that has
    been in power since July 2013 have increased their cooperation in common cause against Islamist
    militants and instability in the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip.


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