The multi-polar international system was changed after the end of the Second World War. The Cold War that ensued after the ending of the Second World War was characterized by bipolarity, ideological rivalries, nuclear deterrence and alliances. With the collapse of he Soviet Union and the ending of the Cold War, at the beginning of the 1990’s the bipolar international system dissipate and it appeared that a unipolar international system under the hegemony of the USA emerged. Nevertheless, it is now clear that the uni-polar moment was short-lived. The emerging multi-polar international system is more unstable than the bipolar international system and presents both challenges and opportunities, asserts Asnake Kefale, Political Scientist, and argues that concerted action by governments, civil society actors and others is required to overcome the security challenge. 

Asnake Kefale, holds BA in Political Science and International Relations, Addis Ababa University (AAU), MA in International Relations, International University of Japan, and PhD in Political Science, Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is currently an assistant professor of Political Science at the AAU. In 2013/14, he was a recipient of the Swiss Government Excellence Scholarship and visiting researcher at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. In 2014, he was an African Research Fellow at the London School of Economics. His research interests include international relations of the Horn of Africa, federalism and conflict management, political parties and civil society.

Source: TED Talks on YouTube
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