Even though Ethiopia’s political commitment to an effective emergency response appears for now to have prevented El Niño’s disaster, pastoralists struggle to cope with its impact

By James Jeffrey (IRIN) |

Borama―Sitting on parched ground pummeled by the sun, a camel looks on majestically as pastoralists mill around it in a whirl of activity. Loaded onto its back are sacks of grains and pulses, yellow jerry cans, bottles of cooking oil, bits of fabric and plastic to make rough bivouac structures, and more.

After a final check of ropes, a woman makes a loud purring noise while gesturing upwards. The camel jerkily stands up, emitting a loud groan. Leading it by a rope, the family rejoins other pastoralists trekking through the Awdal Region abutting Somaliland’s northwestern border with Ethiopia: home for those on the move.

Faced with desiccated pastures in Ethiopia’s Somali Region last November, these pastoralists and many others responded to rumors of rains and good pasture hundreds of kilometers away on the coast of Somaliland, an internationally unrecognized but de facto sovereign nation separate from Somalia.

But, when they got there, there wasn’t enough rain or pasture for the numbers that descended. Thousands of goats, sheep, cows, and even drought-hardy camels died, buried in mass graves to prevent disease-spreading (it still broke out, killing further livestock). Now, the pastoralists are returning to Ethiopia, or trying to do so.

Only one of Abdulahi Amir’s three camels has survived this far, but it might not last long either. “We’re stuck here. My sick camel can’t carry anything,” the 70-year-old tells IRIN, his possessions strewn all around him on the ground. Amir has four family members with him. Five others stayed behind in Sitti, (one of the nine zones in Ethiopia’s Somali Region), where he is trying to get back to. What’s the plan now? “We will wait,” he says.

Continue reading this story on IRIN News
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