(Reuters)―Ethiopia fired its prisons chief and took three opposition groups off its “terrorist” list, the latest steps in Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s push to shake the African giant from decades of security-obsessed rule.
The sacking of the head of the prison service, along with four senior colleagues, came hours before a Human Rights Watch report detailing torture at one notorious prison and urging government to hold officials to account.
Announcing the dismissals, Attorney General Berhanu Tsegaye said prison officers must respect individual rights outlined in the constitution, a rare public rebuke to the country’s security apparatus.
His remarks echoed Abiy’s stunning criticism of security forces last month in which the 41-year-old, who holds a doctorate in peace and security studies, acknowledged widespread police brutality and likened it to state terrorism.
“Does the constitution stipulate prisoners should be flogged and beaten? It does not,” he told a televised sitting of parliament. “Police flogged. This is unconstitutional. Police were terrorists.”
In office for just three months, Abiy has turned politics on its head in the Horn of Africa nation of 100 million.
Foremost among his reforms was the launch of peace talks with neighbor and sworn enemy Eritrea, against whom Ethiopia waged a 1998-2000 border war in which 80,000 people are thought to have died.
He also rescinded a state of emergency and announced plans to partially open up the economy, including attracting foreign capital into the state-run telecoms company and national airline – both mouth-watering investment prospects given Ethiopia’s size and growth.
Following the recent release of political prisoners, parliament ruled on Thursday that three opposition groups, namely the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), two secessionist groups, and the ‘Ginbot 7’, an exiled opposition movement, were no longer “terrorist” groups.
The shake-up by the polyglot former soldier from the Oromo ethnic group, Ethiopia’s largest, has won plaudits from Asmara to Washington and drawn comparisons to the 1980s ‘perestroika’ reforms of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
It has also attracted opposition from hardliners in the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the ethnic Tigrayan party that dominated the ruling EPRDF coalition – and by association the country and economy – for nearly three decades.
Two people were killed in a grenade blast at a massive pro-Abiy rally in Addis Ababa last month, with blame pointed at those opposed to his reform drive.
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